Genus Sayiana Ball, 1928

[Back to North American Derbidae]

Family Derbidae Spinola, 1839

Subfamily Otiocerninae Muir, 1917

Tribe Otiocerini Muir, 1917

Genus Sayiana Ball, 1928
Type species (in original combination): Anotia sayi Ball, 1902b.



Southeastern US and Caribbean.

Distribution of Sayiana from FLOW (12 Oct. 2018)
Recognized species

There are 4 species recognized in Sayiana: [see Metcalf 1945: 142]

  1. Sayiana maracasa Fennah, 1952 – Trinidad
  2. Sayiana puertoricensis Caldwell, 1951 (In Caldwell & Martorell 1951) – Puerto Rico
  3. Sayiana sayi (Ball, 1902b: 259) [Metcalf 1945: 142] – USA: AR, FL, IA, IL, MS, NY, TX [Bugguide adds AL, KS; have seen an image from NC]
  4. Sayiana viequensis Caldwell, 1951 (In Caldwell & Martorell 1951) – Puerto Rico
Economic Importance:


Plant associations:

Derbidae are known or assumed to feed on fungal hyphae as immatures.  The significance of adult host associations are unclear. Hosts from Wilson et al. 1994; plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.

 Sayiana maracasa was collected “on coconut” (Fennah 1952)


Pale, fragile forms; wings greatly exceeding the abdomen; frons extremely compressed, head strongly projecting; pustules along claval vein; clavus open, antennae lacking appendages; in lateral view, head projecting in front of eyes for a distance subequal to width of eyes (similar to Anotia); costal margin expanded to a free appendage half as wide as wing at that point.

A nice image from Bugguide. Sayiana sayi is decidedly uncommon.

Sayiana sayi (photographs by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)
Sayiana sayi (photographs by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware)
Sayiana viequensis
Sayiana viequensis

Possibly a Sayiana (from Panama) (subsequently determined to be Anotia, but left here for reference)
Sayiana puertoricensis and S. viequensis from Caldwell & Martorell 1951
Sayiana puertoricensis and S. viequensis from Caldwell & Martorell 1951

Online resources

Kunzweb (does not explicitly include the genus but Anotia sp. 6.2cf looks suspicious to me)
Discover Life.
Hoppers of North Carolina.
American Insects. (link to family, genus not present) (website down?)
BOLD. (link to subfamily, genus not present)


Found infrequently.

Molecular resources: 

As of this writing (12 Oct. 2018), there are appears to be no molecular data for this genus on Genbank or Barcode of Life.

Selected references:

Ball, E. D. 1902b. New genera and species of North American Fulgoridae. Canadian Entomologist 34: 259-266.

Ball, E. D. 1928. Some new genera and species of N. A. Derbidae with notes on others (Fulgoridae). Canadian Entomologist 60: 196-201.

Bartlett, C. R., E. R. Adams and A. T. Gonzon. 2011. Planthoppers of Delaware (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea), excluding Delphacidae, with species incidence from adjacent States. ZooKeys 83: 1-42.

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Benton, E. P. and J. W. McCreadie. 2009. A preliminary survey of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of coastal Alabama. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 111: 354-360.

Caldwell, J. S. and L. F. Martorell. 1951 [dated 1950]. Review of the Auchenorynchous [sic] Homoptera of Puerto Rico. Part II. The Fulgoroidea except Kinnaridae. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 34(2): 133-269.

Dozier, H. L. 1928a [dated 1922 or 1926]. The Fulgoridae or planthoppers of Mississippi, including those of possible occurrence. Technical Bulletin of the Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station 14: 1-152.

Fennah, R. G. 1944b. The morphology of the tegmina and wings of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 46(7): 185-199. (genus noted p. 189)

Fennah, R. G. 1945. New Lanternflies (Fulgoroidea) From South America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 96(3189): 95-106. (genus noted p. 102)

Fennah, R. G. 1952. On the generic classification of Derbidae (Fulgoroidea), with descriptions of new Neotropical species. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 103(4): 109-170.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1923. A Key to the Fulgoridae of Eastern North America with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 38(3): 139-230, plus 32 plates. [available from]

Metcalf, Z. P. 1938a. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College 82: 277-423.(Key to genus of Otiocerinae, p. 319)

Metcalf, Z.P. 1945. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 4, Derbidae. Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts. (see p. 142)

Muir, F. A. G. 1913. On some new species of leafhoppers. Part II. Derbidae. Bulletin. Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association Experiment Station. Division of Entomology 12: 28-92 [30].

Muir, F. A. G. 1917. The Derbidae of the Philippine Islands. Philippine Journal of Science 12: 49-105.

Spinola, M. 1839. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337.

Spooner, C. S. 1937. Derbid field days. Papers presented in the thirtieth annual meeting, Rockford, Illinois, May 7 and 8, 1937 (papers in Zoology). Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 30(2): 315-316.

Wilson, S. W. and J. E. McPherson. 1980a. Keys to the planthoppers, or Fulgoroidea, of Illinois (Homoptera). Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 73(2): 1‑61.

Wilson, S. W. and J. E. McPherson. 1980b. The distribution of the Fulgoroidea of the eastern United States (Homoptera). Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 73(4): 7‑20.

Wilson, S. W. and J. E. McPherson. 1980c. A list of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) of southern Illinois. Great Lakes Entomologist 13(1): 25-30.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.