Genus Mitrops Fennah, 1944

Family Dictyopharidae Spinola, 1839

Subfamily Dictyopharinae Spinola, 1839
Tribe Nersiini Emeljanov, 1983 (sensu Emeljanov 2011)
Genus 

Mitrops Fennah, 1944

Type species 

(in original combination): Fulgora noctivida Linnaeus, 1767.

Synonyms:

None.

Distribution:

Mostly a Neotropical genus.  Sparsely found in eastern U.S.

Recognized species

There are 3 recognized species.  A key to species is found in Baptista et al. 2006.

  1. Mitrops dioxys (Walker, 1858) – Argentina, Paraguay, Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Nuevo Leon); USA: FL, KS, MD, MS, NJ, TX. = Mitrops curviceps Stal, 1862; syn. by Distant, 1887: 40.
  2. Mitrops guarani Baptista, Ferreira & Da-Silva, 2006 – Brazil
  3. Mitrops noctivida (Linné, 1758) – Brazil, French Guiana, Surinam, “West Indies”
Economic Importance:

Limited.

Known host plants:
  • Mitrops dioxys – Phaseolus vulgaris L. (kidney bean, Fabaceae)

Hosts from Donovall (2008); plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.

Recognition:

North of Mexico, one of only 3 macropterous, ‘green’ (in life) genera.  Tegula lacking carinae, head upcurved (both unlike Nersia); pronotum shallowly notched (deeply in Rhychomitra); wings with six or seven cells adjoining nodal line (not forming line in Rhychomitra); hind tibiae with 4 posterior spines.

 MITROPS 1 MITROPS 2 MITROPS 3

As of this writing, this genus not present on Bugguide.

Collecting

Occasionally to lights or sweeping..

Molecular resources: 

As of this writing, there are appears to be no molecular data for this genus on Barcode of Life.  Genbank includes data for Mitrops sp.

Selected references:

Baptista, M. S., Ferreira P. S. F. & Da-Silva E. R. 2006Mitrops Fennah, 1944 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae) from Brazil: a new species of and addtional records. In: Taxonomia de Fulgoroidea no Brasil (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha), com ênfase em Dictyopharidae. Tese, Universidade de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil Artigo 1: 19-35.

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien, and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Donovall, L. R., III. 2008. A generic revision of the new world Dictyopharinae (Hemiptera: Dictyopharidae). Masters Thesis. University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.

Emeljanov, A. F. 1983. Cretaceous planthopper from Taimyr (Homoptera, Dictyopharidae). OR Dictyopharidae from the Cretaceous deposits on the Taymyr Peninsula (Insecta, Homoptera). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 3: 79-85. [Russian Translated in: Paleontological Journal 17(3): 77-82]

Emeljanov, A. F. 2008. New genera and new species of the family Dictyopharidae (Homoptera), with notes on the systematics of the subfamily Dictyopharinae. Entomological Review 88: 296-328. [English translation]

Emeljanov, A. F. 2011. Improved tribal delimitation of the subfamily Dictyopharinae and description of new genera and new species (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea, Dictyopharidae). Ėntomologicheskoe Obozrenie 90(2): 299-328 [In Russian, English Translation, Entomological Review 91(9): 1122-1145].

Fennah, R. G. 1944. New Dictyopharidae from the New World (Homoptera : Fulgoroidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 57: 77-94.

Metcalf, Z. P. 1923. A key to the Fulgoridae of eastern North America with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 38(3): 139-230, plus 32 plates. [available from http://www.lib.unc.edu/dc/jncas/]

Metcalf, Z. P. 1938a. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College 82: 277-423.  [from http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org]

Metcalf, Z. P. 1946. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV Fulgoroidea. Part 8 Dictyopharidae. Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts.

Spinola, M. 1839a. Essai sur les Fulgorelles, sous-tribu de la tribu des Cicadaires, ordre des Rhyngotes. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 8: 133-337.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno, and M. R. Wilson.1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix