Genus Poblicia Stal, 1866

[Return to North American Fulgoridae]

Family Fulgoridae Latreille, 1807

Subfamily Poiocerinae Haupt, 1929

Tribe Poiocerini Haupt, 1929

Subtribe Poiocerina Haupt, 1929
Genus Poblicia Stal, 1866

Type species (in original combination): Poeocera misella Stål, 1863: 239.

Synonyms:

None.

Distribution:

Southern US and Mexico.

Recognized species

This genus has 3 species, 2 of which gets occur in the U.S. [Metcalf 1947: 61]

Poblicia fuliginosa (Olivier, 1791) – USA: AZ, GA, IL, KS, LA, MD, MO, MT, MS, NC, NM, OH, OK, SC, TX; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Morelos, Nuevo León)
= Fulgora fuliginosa Olivier, 1791
= Poblicia fuliginosa (Olivier, 1791); comb. by Van Duzee (1917: 719)
= Poblicia thanatophana Kirkaldy, 1907;  synonym by to Ball (1933)
= Poiocera cribrata Gerstaecker, 1860; synonym of Poiocera venosa Walker, 1851 by Da Costa Lima (1935: 508)
= Poiocera venosa Walker, 1851 synonym of Crepusia fuliginosa (Olivier, 1791) by Nast (1951: 270).
= Crepusia fuliginosa (Olivier, 1791); comb. by Nast (1951: 270). [Nast excluded this species from Poblicia, but this has not been subsequently followed]

Poblicia misella (Stål, 1863: 239) [Distant 1887: 31] – Mexico (Oaxaca)

Poblicia texana Oman, 1936 – USA: AR, TX [Online records for GA, NC, TN – not expected; most specimens found in September and October]

{Flow includes the following species, that I think has been removed from the genus but need to find where if that is the case}

Poblicia spectabilis (Walker, 1858) – Panama
= Poiocera spectabilis Walker, 1858
= Scaralis spectabilis Walker, 1858; comb. by Distant (1887: 36)
= Poblicia spectabilis (Walker, 1858); comb. restored by Metcalf (1938: 353)

Economic Importance:

Limited.

Plant associations:

Poblicia fuliginosa – Rhus spp., esp. Rhus copallinum L. (winged sumac, Anacardiaceae) (in east); Baccharis sarothroides A. Gray (Asteraceae), Brickellia (Asteraceae) (in southwest).  Some specimens were taken of red maple Acer rubrum, in Bladen Co., NC; the red maple was coppice in a power line right-or-way, and may not have been a usual host; this species was aslo found on Ambrosia trifida,  giant ragweed, in Maryland (I suspect this was an incidental plant association)

Host from Wilson et al. (1994); plant names from USDA PLANTS or Tropicos.

Recognition:

Head not strongly produced, head with eyes equal or broader than pronotum, but not exceeding width of closed forewings; flange on posterior margin of head behind eye not obscuring lateral edge of pronotum; anterior abdominal tergites black, caudal tergites red in U.S. species.

I have not seen P. texana, bit Oman (1936) writes that that species is  “Related to fuliginosa, and resembling pale specimens of that species in general color, but larger, with a longer head, and with the fore femora not at all expanded distally. Measurements of male: Length of body, 13 mm. ; length, with wings, 18.5 mm. ; expanse, 35 mm. ; greatest width of pronotum, 5 mm” [update: Poblicia texana specimens have been reported in the east on Bugguide]

Subsequently, in the same paper Oman (1936) states [comments in [brackets]

This species may be easily separated from both fuliginosa and constellata [Poiocera constellata Walker, 1858, a jr syn of  Alaruasa lepida (Spinola, 1839)] by the transverse carinae on the front and the quadrangular areas at each end of the transverse sulcus, as well as by  the genital characters mentioned. The color is quite distinctive but may be expected to vary considerably. In certain structural features, such as the carinate clypeus and front, texana approaches the genus Domita Stal [Jamaicastes Kirkaldy, 1900], but Domita, based on the insular forms basistella Walk[er] [Jamaicastes basistella], and constellata Guer. …, has the fore wings much more finely reticulated, the head narrower, and the crown extending upward in a flange-like projection above each eye laterally. Poblicia and Domita are very closely related …”

Poblicia_fuliginosa-FRONS-scaled Poblicia_fuliginosa2-DOR-spread PobliciafuliginosaDV0044

(photographs by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware).
(photographs by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware).

Photos by Tyler Hagerty (UDEL Dept. Entomology)

Poblicia fuliginosa eggs on Winged sumac

Poblicia fuliginosa on Winged sumac (Rhus copallinum) in Bladen Co., NC; Sep. 2017

Online resources.

FLOW.
Bugguide.
iNaturalist.
EOL.
Maryland Diversity Project.
Discover life.
Hoppers of North Carolina.

Collecting

Found by inspecting hosts.  Poblicia fuliginosa can sometimes be locally common.

Molecular resources:

Genbank has several genes for Poblicia fuliginosa; Barcode of life has data for P. fuliginosa and P. texana.

Selected references:

Ball, E. D. 1933. Notes on the Fulgoridae with some new species. Psyche 40: 145-150.

Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien and S. W. Wilson. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1-287.

Bartlett, C. R., E. R. Adams and A. T. Gonzon, Jr. 2011. Planthoppers of Delaware (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea), excluding Delphacidae, with species incidence from adjacent States. ZooKeys 83: 1-42.

Da Costa Lima, A. M. 1935. Catalogo das especies americanas de Laternaridae (Homoptera : Fulgoroidea). Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro 30: 481-517.

Distant, W. L. 1887.  Rhynchota : Homoptera. Biologia Centrali-Americana; contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America 1: 25-32, 33-40. [see p. 31, e.g.]

Dozier, H. L. 1928a [dated 1922 or 1926]. The Fulgoridae or planthoppers of Mississippi, including those of possible occurrence. Technical Bulletin of the Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station 14: 1-152.

Dunn, G. A. 1996. Insects of the Great Lakes Region. University of Michigan. 236 pp. [Poblicia fuliginosa noted]

Haupt, H. 1929b. Neueinteilung der Homoptera-Cicadina nach phylogenetisch zu wertenden Merkmalen. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systemetik, Okologie und Geographie der Tiere. Jena 58: 173-286.
Latreille, P. A. 1807. Sectio secunda. Familia quarta. Cicadariae. Cicadaires. Genera Crustaceorum et Insectorum secundum ordinem naturalem in familias disposita, iconibus exemplisque plurimis explicata 3: 1-258.
Metcalf, Z. P. 1923a. A key to the Fulgoridae of Eastern North America with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 38(3): 139-230, plus 32 plates. [from http://www.lib.unc.edu/dc/jncas/]
Metcalf, Z. P. 1938a. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College 82: 277-423.  [from http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org]

Metcalf, Z. P. 1947. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV Fulgoroidea. Part 9 Fulgoridae. Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts. [see p. 61]

Moran, N. A., P. Tran and N. M. Gerardo. 2005. Symbiosis and insect diversification: an ancient symbiont of sap-feeding insects from the bacterial phylum Bacteroidetes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71(12): 8802-8810. [Poblicia noted, has Bacteroidetes]

Nast, J. 1951. Some remarks on Neotropical Fulgoridae with descriptions of new genera and species (Homoptera). [Kilka uwag nad neotropikalnymi Fulgoridae wraz z opisami nowych rodzajów i gatunków (Homoptera)]. Annales Musei Zoologici Polonici 14(19): 268-279

O’Brien, L. B. 1985. New synonymies and combinations in New World Fulgoroidea (Achilidae, Delphacidae, Flatidae, Fulgoridae: Homoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 78(5): 657-662.

Olivier, G. A. 1791. Fulgore, Fulgora. Encyclopedie méthodique. Histoire naturelle des animaux. Insectes 6: 561-577.

Oman, P. W. 1936. A new Poblicia from Texas. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 9: 105-107. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25081459.

Porion, T. 1994. Fulgoridae I: catalogue illustre de la faune americaine. Sciences Nat, Venette.

Stål, C. 1863. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Fulgoriden. Entomologische Zeitung. Herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin. Stettin 24: 230-251.

Stål, C. 1866. Hemiptera Homoptera Latr. Hemiptera Africana 4: 1-276.

Urban J. M. and J. R. Cryan. 2009. Entomologically famous, evolutionarily unexplored: The first phylogeny of the lanternfly family Fulgoridae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 471-484.

Urban J. M. and J. R. Cryan. 2012. Two ancient bacterial endosymbionts have coevolved with the planthoppers (Insecta: Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). BMC Evolutionary Biology doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-87.[Poblicia with Vidania]

Van Duzee, E. P. 1917. Catalogue of the Hemiptera of America North of Mexico excepting the Aphididae, Coccidae and Aleurodidae. Technical Bulletin. University of California, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station. Entomology. Berkeley 2: 1-902. [see p. 718]

Walker, F. 1858. Supplement. List of the specimens of Homopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. [Published by] Order of Trustees, London.  307 pp.

Wilson, S. W. and J. E. McPherson. 1980a. Keys to the planthoppers, or Fulgoroidea, of Illinois (Homoptera). Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 73(2): 1‑61.

Wilson, S. W. and J. E. McPherson. 1980b. The distribution of the Fulgoroidea of the eastern United States (Homoptera). Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 73(4): 7‑20.

Wilson, S. W. and J. E. McPherson. 1980c. A list of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) of southern Illinois. Great Lakes Entomologist 13(1): 25-30.

Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.