Small tree with spreading branches.
Grows best in shady, moist locations.
Performs best as an understory tree.
Alternate, simple, 2 to 4.5 inches long, .75 to 1.75 inches wide, ovate to oblong shape, acuminate apex, margin is doubly serrate, base rounded or cordate shape.
Shallowly furrowed and scaly.
Unique green flowers in spring.
Brown catkins are 2-2.5 inches long and have overlapping papery bracts.
Seed or cuttings.