Taurus Mountains, Turkey, Lebanon.
Stiffly pyramidal in youth, becoming a stately flat-topped tree in maturity.
Sun and well drained, loose soil. Dirr states that this plant requires a pollution free environment, yet there is a plant at the University of Delaware Botanic Gardens in the middle of a parking lot.
Stately specimen tree. A bird-attracting tree.
Alternate, typically in whorls of 30- 40 needles per spur, .75 to 1.5 inches long.
Buds are small, oval, brown.
Male reproductive structures are yellowish brown catkins. Female reproductive structures are purple.
Cone borne singly, stalked, 3 - 5 inche long by 2 - 2.5 inch wide. Apex of cone flattened or slightly depressed.
Seed, cultivars are grafted.