Eastern US, New Brunswick south to Georgia, west to Minnesota and Alabama
Spreading, horizontal, low branched shrub
Moist, acidic well-drained soils, does best in cooler climates, sun
Naturalizing or shrub border
Medium-dark green in summer. Alternate but crowed appearing if whirled, simple, elliptic-ovate, two to five inches long. Reddish purple fall color
Flowering buds, reddish-purple glaborous at the base to mostly glaborous at the apex, medium to dark green
Stems brownish possibly a purple hue, older bark is gray and slightly ridged-and-furrowed:Gray bark
Yellowish white, overpoweringly fragrant, blooms early May to June
Drupe, bluish-black, bloomy, .25 to .33 inches across, pinkish red fruit stalk
'Argentea' - leaves variegated with white; tends towards shrubby habit.
'Black Stem' - a 25 foot high tree with black stems.
'Gold Bullion' - golden-yellow foliage turns chartreuse-yellow in heat.