In the upper north of North America
40-80 feet; Deciduous evergreen.
Cool, moist soils with adequate sun. Often found in Sphagum bogs.
Grows well in moist soils and bogs.
Short spurs and light green in color, 15 to 30 in a bundle. Turns slightly yellow in the fall.
Buds are shiny, round, deep red.
Reddish gray-brown at maturity and rough.
Monoecious; female reproductive structures are reddish-pink, male are yellow.
Green or blue-purple cones that turn to brown. Flowers are sessile and monoecious.
Seeds; grafting for cultivars.