Vermont and Ontario to Minnesota, south to Florida and Louisiana
Low, irregular shrub, produces dense tangled masses
Fiberous root system, three-quarter shade to fulls sun prefers acid, well drained soil
This native of the Eastern United States, including Delaware, makes an excellent bank cover, mass plant, or facer. It makes a tough, durable groundcover.
Alternate, trifoliate, leaflets subsessile, 1.5 to 2 inch glossy green to dark green, Orange to Redish Purple fall color.:fall:fall
Buds are small, yellow, pubescent, covered by leaf scar.
Dark, rusty brown
Polygamous or dioecious, yellowish, mid-late march to April 1 inch long
Red (females only) hairy drupe from August to Septemeber then lose color into winter
Softwood cuttings, July 1000 ppm IBA. Root cuttings will also work.