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Tsuga caroliniana

Carolina Hemlock

Pronunciation
SU-ga care-o-LIN-e-ana
Pronunciation Audio
Family
Genus
Nativity

Virginia, south to Georgia, in the mountains.

Growth Habit

Pyramidal habit with somewhat pendulous branches.

Hardiness
4
Culture

Native to high elevations and cool climates. May be better adapted to landscape conditions than Canadian Hemlock. Prefers a light shade and moist, well-drained soils.

Landscape Use

Evergreen screen, large groupings and occasional specimen use. A smaller plant that is more tolerant than Canadian Hemlock.

Foliage

Alternate, radiating around the stem, .25 to .75 inches long. Margin is entire.

Buds

Buds are small, rounded, pubescent.

Bark

Red-brown, scaly and deeply fissured.

Flower

Insignificant, monoecious.

Fruit

Cone 1 to 1.5 inches long, with scales held at 90 degrees to the central axis

Propagation

Seed, cultivars are grafted or rooted with difficulty.

Pests
scales, mites, wooly adelgid, but less prone to these than Tsuga canadensis.
Cultivars

'Labar's Weeping' - ends of the branches have a distinct weeping habit.

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