Professor Doug Tallamy tells PennLive that the vast majority of our yards are loaded with grass and a handful of the same non-native plants, ones that are of little value to pollinators. Read the article.
When the 1964 Good Friday Earthquake hit the Chickaloon Flats on Alaska’s northern Kenai Peninsula, the area’s largest estuary suddenly dropped 2.3 meters in elevation and then rose slowly over the next half century. This rising estuary still provides great bird habitats. The Peninsula Clarion discusses findings of a study published by former wildlife ecology graduate student Sadie Ulman, who assessed the health of a large estuary in Alaska. Read the article.
PBS interviewed several scientists, including our Erin Sparks, about plant roots’ role in curbing global warming. To siphon even more carbon out of our air and store it in the ground, growing deeper plant roots could help. Read the full article.
Delaware gourmets and environmentalists alike had something to cheer in 2018 when the first aquaculture oysters were planted and, thanks to fortuitously ideal conditions, harvested from Rehoboth Bay for the first time in more than 30 years. From helping create the laws and regulations allowing shellfish aquaculture in Delaware’s Inland Bays to helping growers raise and market their products, the Delaware Sea Grant College Program at UD has been integral throughout the process of bringing oysters, and eventually clams, back into commercial production. Read the full article on UDaily.
Disease. One of the scariest words in farming and food production. In a state that’s king of the poultry industry, expert planning, precautions and emergency response are chief priorities to keep outbreaks at bay.
In 2004, avian influenza reached Delmarva. Its viruses occur naturally among wild aquatic birds worldwide and can infect domestic poultry and other bird and animal species. Afterward, University of Delaware College of Agriculture and Natural Resources faculty and Cooperative Extension personnel assessed the situation and brainstormed disease management protocol to prevent and limit future outbreaks. With an engineering background and an aptitude for water flow processing — critical in disease control — Professor Eric Benson was asked to join the poultry disease and emergency management efforts led by UD’s Department of Animal and Food Sciences. Read the full article on UDaily.
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences graduate student John Kaszan is studying how grasslands, the most endangered ecosystem in the United States, can be more competitive in the wild. By collecting data during different growth periods at research plots on campus, he seeks to find out whether changing the grass type affects flower visitors.
Newark Post visited the University of Delaware’s new, 3,600-square-foot Charles A. Genuardi ’70 and Patricia Genuardi Food Innovation Laboratory to learn about the UDairy Creamery’s venture into cheese production. Plant Manager Jennifer Rodammer, Director of Creamery Operations Melinda Shaw and recent graduate and student employee Kathryn Babiarz are interviewed. Read the article.
On an overcast Saturday morning, staff and volunteers gathered at the Early Learning Center and Laboratory Preschool, both located on the University of Delaware’s Children’s Campus. With shovels and wheelbarrows in hand, they set about installing an edible forest garden.
This multilayer collection of fruit and nut trees, legumes, shrubs, roots and vegetables is comprised of many plants that provide at least one component — berries, leaves or other produce — that is edible with proper care and preparation. Additional plants provide vital services like attracting pollinators or providing nutrients to the soil and surrounding garden. Students at the Children’s Campus will learn about garden maintenance, food production and preparation. They’ll have an opportunity to explore and experience the smell, texture and taste of the plants as they grow. Read the full article on UDaily.
Upon learning that a professor of food microbiology, Dallas Hoover, and a professor of molecular plant pathology, Nicole Donofrio, from the University of Delaware’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources (CANR) are teaming up to teach a class, the subject of beer might not immediately come to mind to those unfamiliar with the procedure of making the popular beverage.
However, participants in “The Art and Science of Beer,” a two-day workshop being offered in partnership with UD’s Division of Professional and Continuing Studies (UD PCS) Aug. 19-20, will learn the connection to the professors’ backgrounds and hopefully gain an appreciation for the brewing process and rapidly growing industry.
For several years, Hoover and Donofrio have been co-teaching “Fermentation Sciences” at UD, a course covering a range of topics, including fermentation history, biochemistry behind fermentation, different fermentative organisms and production of many popular items, such as cheese, bread, beer and vegetables. Read the full article on UDaily.
One Health is a holistic way of thinking about how the health of our environment is intertwined with human health and animal health. Given the wide spectrum, the most impactful research comes from cross-disciplinary teams.
“The ultimate goal of One Health is prevention and early intervention because you can move upstream of a health problem,” said Ryan Arsenault, University of Delaware assistant professor of gut health and disease pathogenesis, whose research includes antibiotic alternatives for chickens. “Take the flu, for example. If you are studying ducks and avian influenza, prevention and early intervention protects chickens and, in turn, protects human health.”
Many experts come from a variety of professions that historically do not consistently interact — public health professionals, food scientists, economists, educators, engineers, entomologists, epidemiologists, hydrologists, microbiologists, nutritionists, physicians, molecular biologists and veterinarians. Read the full article on UDaily.
In the city of Nanjing, an ancient capital of China, scientists from across the globe gathered to discuss state-of-the-art research at the 15th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements. Essential for human nutrition, these elements — like arsenic and chromium — can have toxic effects depending on the concentrations.
The University of Delaware’s Don Sparks was there to help make sense of the science, at least as it pertained to soil, and to be honored for his decades of research and scholarship, teaching and mentoring. Read the full article on UDaily.
Delaware Business Times covers First State agribusiness innovators, including Bert Tanner and James Adkins’ research on a range of robots that can do crop evaluations. The technologies include a surveying system that uses laser light to map the shape and structure of plants as well as sensors to measure physiological aspects of the plants, such as how efficiently they convert sunlight to energy. Read the full article.
University of Delaware entomology and wildlife ecology doctoral candidate Imogene Cancellare is passionate about conservation. In 2014, Cancellare took to the burgeoning social media site Instagram to share her passion for wildlife. Over the past five years, thousands have followed her. They liked her photos of everything from mountain lions to salamanders and snow leopards to snowy owls; they comment on her educational posts about the health of natural ecosystems, benefits of biodiversity and her thesis research. And while you can usually catch her investigating carnivore genetics in UD’s Rare and Elusive Species Laboratory, her latest research (queue the selfie) is on Instagram itself.
The conservation biologist and National Geographic Explorer shares wildlife “so we can all appreciate the natural world” on her @biologistimogene profile. After amassing a substantial following, Louisiana State University alumna Paige Jarreau, current director of social media and science communication at LifeOmic, DMed (direct messaged, for those new to Instagram) her and a handful of other scientists and early career researchers from different disciplines to discuss studying if the selfie culture is playing a meaningful role in science communications. Read the full article on UDaily.
NPR and several of its sister stations interviewed Plant and Soil Sciences’ Rodrigo Vargas, associate professor of ecosystem ecology, who refuted the idea that trees are harmful because they produce methane. He also discussed a system that he is developing to get a better understanding of the gases trees produce. Read the article.
We asked graduating seniors what they will miss most about the college. Congratulations, Class of 2019!
According to a Microsoft study, the average human attention span is eight seconds long. To understand how short that is, consider that a common goldfish has a nine second attention span. This rapidly shifting interest means that a product has limited opportunity to catch consumer attention and convey important information. This becomes especially difficult for products that are considered more complex or controversial like bioengineered foods, also known as genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
In 2016, thanks in part to consumer demand, Congress passed the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard, a federal mandate requiring manufacturers to label bioengineered foods as such.
Industry leaders are now searching for quick and easily accessible methods for sharing information about how and why a product was bioengineered, and the impact that might have on the consumer or the environment. One such method is through the use of quick response codes, or QR codes, that allow shoppers to scan a label to access information about the production, development or manufacturing process. Read the full article on UDaily.
Commercializing a product often takes years, with no guarantee of success. It starts with an idea, but requires many minds — and hands — to make its way from the lab bench into products that serve the public.
At the University of Delaware, invention, innovation and entrepreneurship are considered essential to the University’s institutional mission, as well as to the prosperity and security of our society.
One UD-developed technology that has successfully made it to the marketplace is a beneficial microbe named UD1022 that helps plants form a root-strengthening biofilm. Developed by UD’s Harsh Bais, associate professor of plant and soil sciences, and Janine Sherrier, a former UD-faculty member now at the University of Georgia, the UD-patented microbe is a unique strain of Bacillus subtilis, a natural, beneficial bacterium that lives on the surface of roots and the surrounding soil, or rhizosphere. Read the full article on UDaily.
Kids at the University of Delaware’s children’s campus are getting access to a new outdoor learning space. UD interns led the design of several edible forest gardens planted recently at the children’s campus in Newark. Edible forest gardens are often described as self-sustaining ecosystem-style gardens that may consist of several forms of plants, such as trees, shrubs and vines. Delaware Public Media has the story.
As gardens awake this spring, Bay Journal profiles resources developed to help identify native plants species that match location, soils, sun exposure and bloom time, including research from the University of Delaware and Mt. Cuba Center on plant cultivars. Read the article.
Focused on sharing messages of food security, production and waste, faculty and staff from University of Delaware’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources (CANR) and Cooperative Extension recently attended Delaware’s third annual children’s hunger conference in Wilmington. According to Feeding America, one in every six children in Delaware struggles with hunger.
Hosted by the Delaware Food Bank, in partnership with Brae’s Brown Bags and First Chance Delaware, this event brought children from across the state together for a morning of learning and advocacy. Activities included environmental lessons on pollinators and composting, experiences with hands-on gardening and grocery shopping, physical fitness and yoga exercises, and a letter writing campaign that ended with 100 letters for Delaware legislators hand-written by the group of elementary and middle school attendees. Read the full article on UDaily.
What’s not to love about saving the Earth and drinking wine at the same time? Apparently a lot. WDEL interviewed our Kent Messer, director of the Center for Experimental and Applied Economics, about his research on consumers’ willingness to pay for wine made from grapes irrigated with both conventional and recycled water. Listen to the interview on WDEL.com.
University of Delaware alumnus and Auburn University president Steven Leath was awarded the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources’ (CANR) most prestigious award at the George M. Worrilow and Distinguished Alumni Awards. Alumni and their families joined CANR faculty, staff and students in the new Audion at the Tower at STAR for the 50th edition of the ceremony.
Leath (Class of 1981), who earned his master of science in plant pathology, was given the George M. Worrilow Award by President Dennis Assanis and CANR Dean Mark Rieger. The honor is bestowed annually by the Ag Alumni Association to a CANR graduate who has exhibited outstanding service to agriculture. Read the full article on UDaily.
The University of Delaware’s Sue Snider passed away on March 19 while under the care of physicians at Christiana Hospital. Her nephew and closest living relative, Trent Drake, was present along with several friends.
“Sue Snider worked tirelessly via the University of Delaware Cooperative Extension network to promote nutrition and food safety throughout Delaware,” said UD Provost Robin Morgan. “Her commitment to assuring healthy eating regardless of socioeconomic status was truly inspiring and impactful.”
A memorial service for Dr. Snider will be held on campus from 4-6 p.m., Thursday, June 20, in the Townsend Hall Commons. Read the full article on UDaily.
The American vegetable landscape has shifted. Farmers are abandoning one-time basics such as sweet corn, green beans, peas and potatoes. In their place, they’re planting sweet potatoes and leafy greens such as spinach, kale and romaine lettuce. UD Cooperative Extension’s Emmalea Ernest, associate scientist in the Vegetable and Fruit Program, was among the scientists and farmers who spoke to Washington Post on the challenge facing farmers in a shifting U.S. agricultural market. Read the article.
The University of Delaware’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources (CANR) will host its 44th annual Ag Day at Townsend Hall in Newark on Saturday, April 27, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Admission and parking are free and the event is open to the public, rain or shine.
As a student-run event for the community, Ag Day will have community and collegiate organizations on hand to show off agriculture and natural resources, as well as educate the public through numerous demonstrations, events, food and attractions. The event has something for everyone — games, activities, a livestock display with farm animals, entertainment, hayrides, plant sales, educational exhibits, entertainment, and the famous UDairy Creamery ice cream. The 2019 Ag Day is a special one as the college celebrates its 150th anniversary with the theme “Cultivating our Legacy.”
“Ag Day is a wonderful chance for our groups to educate the public on the strides forward in agriculture and natural resource management,” said wildlife ecology and conservation major Justin Roure. “This year we will have a wonderful array of demonstrations, entertainment, food, and educational booths.”
Several UD clubs will be present, including the Entomology Club, Food Science Club, Wildlife Society, and the Animal Science Club. UD Botanic Gardens Annual Plant Sale, which runs from April 24 to May 4, is also offered on Ag Day.
Please note: For the safety of visitors and animal exhibits, please leave pets at home.
Milford’s Mule Run Farms — run by University of Delaware alumnus Kenny Blessing and his wife Sherry — is a Delaware destination for locally sourced meats. Kenny, a third-generation farmer, also grows lima beans and raises a herd of 45 beef cattle on his family homestead near Houston, Delaware. Read about Mule Run Farms on Delaware Business Times.
National 4-H announced that Delaware 4-H reached third place in a national 4-H “Raise Your Hand” call-to-action initiative. Four weeks remain in the contest. The three states with the most hands raised will receive $20,000, $10,000, and $5,000 respectively toward local 4-H programming and events. From now until May 15, Delaware 4-H invites the local community to show its support for 4-H outreach and education in the First State by voting for Delaware on the 4-H website.
An impressive 36,000 youth in Delaware are impacted by 4-H programs. Across 93 community clubs, 15 afterschool programs, and nine day and overnight camps, youth ages five through 19 receive positive life skill experiences.
In addition to the traditional agriculture programming, Delaware youth involved in 4-H learn public speaking, critical thinking, leadership. and citizenship skills. A primary focus is STEAM, Science Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics. Healthy living through diet, exercise, nutrition, and food science is strongly emphasized of all participants. 4-H Botvin Lifeskills are taught across the state, empowering youth to resist substance abuse.
Supported by extension staff at the University of Delaware and Delaware State University, 4-H programs benefit exponentially from 470 volunteer adults known as leaders.
“We have a strong 4-H program in Delaware reaching a high level of youth through various delivery modes including community clubs, afterschool, military, camps, school enrichment programs and other various programs,” said Doug Crouse, state 4-H program leader. “We depend heavily on our outstanding 4-H volunteers throughout the state who provide their time, efforts and knowledge to work with our youth to teach them valuable life skills.”
Good odds for the first state — win, place or show
The structure of the national initiative considers the number of votes in ratio to the state’s population.
In 2015, Delaware 4-H won the national initiative #4HGrown and $10,000. With the award, Delaware 4-H invited Delaware youth to a STEM Day event held in Smyrna. Students built rockets and watched them soar, examined space rocks under microscopes, and learned about their natural world surrounding.
Delaware 4-H looks forward to receiving funds from this opportunity and plans to use the monies to support additional programs, opportunities and activities around our three national mandate areas of science and technology, healthy living and civic engagement.” Crouse said.
While Delaware 4-H is in third place, they are only slightly ahead of fourth place Maine by one-tenth of a percentage point. Getting all Delawareans to vote is paramount.
With a month to go Crouse feels Delaware can take the grand prize.
“Delaware may be small, but they are mighty!” Crouse said.
“Our youth leave a positive impression on this state and network with legislators, business owners and organizations across this state. 4-H is well known for its devotion to community service. I am confident the community will respond and vote us to the winning circle,” Crouse said.
Voting is easy
Everyone in Delaware is invited to vote by visiting 4-H’s Raise Your Hand website. Name and address are requested to verify authentic voting, but visitors may opt out of receiving emails. Membership in 4-H is not required and no purchase is necessary.
With a diminishing supply of safe freshwater in many areas, and increasing periods of drought that further limit that supply, we are facing a dilemma. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, farming uses consume nearly 80 percent of our available water. Now, producers and agricultural researchers are searching for alternative irrigation sources to limit this consumption and extend our water supply.
One solution is to irrigate crops using treated wastewater, otherwise known as reclaimed or recycled water. This recycled water, highly purified though perhaps not as pristine as drinking water, could be the key to a successful crop yield during times of drought when conventional freshwater is unavailable.
But, while recycled water is widely used in some countries — by 2012, 85% of the effluent in Israel was recycled — it has yet to be widely adopted in the U.S., due at least in part to concerns about consumer response. Read the full article on UDaily.
At the 50th edition of the George M. Worrilow and Distinguished Alumni Awards, the college honored 2019 cohort of distinguished alumni. The Distinguished Alumni Award criteria include a demonstration of outstanding career accomplishments, evidence of service and leadership to their profession and active involvement in community service activities. The Distinguished Young Alumni honors the professional and personal accomplishments of graduates from the past decade decades.
Distinguished Young Alumni
Shawn T. Dash, Ph.D., Class of ‘02, Entomology and Wildlife Conservation (B.S.)
After earning his Bachelor of Science in Entomology & Wildlife Conservation from the college in 2002, Dr. Dash attended Louisiana University for his M.S. in Entomology, and later the University of Texas El Paso for a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences. Dr. Dash is an active researcher and is completing a project about ants of the Delmarva Peninsula that he started while attending UD. He is currently an assistant professor at Hampton University in Virginia.
Grace Chapman Elton, Class of ’08, Public Horticulture (M.S.)
Ms. Elton earned a Master of Science in Public Horticulture with a certificate in Museum Studies from the Longwood Graduate Program in 2008. She is currently CEO of Tower Hill Botanic Garden, one of the nation’s premier gardens in Boylston, Mass. She serves on the Board of Directors of the American Public Gardens Association, Prior to that, she served as Director of Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden in Richmond, VA, which was recognized as a top 10 botanical garden by USA Today under her watch. Ms. Elton received the prestigious Martin McLaren Horticulture Scholar Award and was twice honored as a “Top 40 Under 40” in both Virginia and Massachusetts.
Michele Maughan, Ph.D., Class of ’03 (H.B.S.), ’07 (M.S.), ’12 (Ph.D.) Animal Science
Dr. Maughan holds three degrees from the college, all in Animal Science, receiving the BS in 2003, the MS in 2007, and the Ph.D. in 2012. She currently provides subject matter expertise to the department of defense on military working dogs. She works with her bomb-sniffing dog “Usher” on research, development, test and evaluation projects. Dr. Maughan work with Military Working Dogs led to the invention of the patented canine Training Aid Delivery Device, a containment and odor delivery system that ensures the safety of dog handlers as they are training with hazardous materials.
Mark Collins, Class of ’80, Agricultural Engineering (B.S.)
Mark Collins received his Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Engineering from the college in 1980. Upon graduation, Mr. Collins bought his first farm, which was approximately 118 acres, and now this third-generation farmer tills approximately 1300 acres in the family business known as DMC farms. He has been honored many times, including the Master Farmer Award presented by the Pennsylvania Farmer Magazine and the Cooperative Extension Service, the Perdue Outstanding Producer Award, and first place in the Delaware Soybean Yield contest in 2017 & 2018. Mark also serves on several agricultural organizations, most notably the National Watermelon Board and Executive Council.
Michael J. Graham, Ph.D., Class of ’90, Plant Breeding (M.S.)
Dr. Graham earned an MS from the college in 1990, after obtaining a B.S. in Agronomy at Minnesota. Continuing in plant breeding for a Ph.D. at the University of Illinois, Dr. Graham began working as a plant scientist at Monsanto, one of the major innovators in crop breeding. Michael is a third-generation plant scientist who discovers new ways to increase agricultural productivity through plant breeding innovation. He joined Bayer Crop Science in 2018 where he serves as Head of Plant Breeding.
Wayne D. Lord, Ph.D., Class of ’78, Entomology and Applied Ecology (M.S.)
Dr. Wayne Lord earned an M.S. in Entomology in the college in 1978. He is currently a Professor of Biology and Forensic Science in the W. Roger Webb Forensic Science Institute and Dept. of Biology at the University of Central Oklahoma, but spent most of his career working for the US Air Force and the FBI. Dr. Lord is internationally renowned for his expertise in forensic entomology, remains detection and recovery, and crime scene analysis, and has served as an FBI field division relief supervisor, SWAT team member, and FBI pilot-in-command.
Robert M. Thompson, Jr. VMD, Class of ’81, Agriculture (B.S.)
Dr. Thompson is a native Delawarean and received his Bachelor of Science from the college in 1981. Like many of our pre-vet graduates, Dr. Thompson attended the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, receiving his VMD degree in 1985. After working as Assistant Track Veterinarian at Delaware Park, Dr. Thompson opened Lums Pond Animal Hospital which has since become one of Delaware’s leading veterinary practices. He was named veterinarian of the year by the Delaware Veterinary Medical Association in 2010 and was nominated as a board member of the Delaware Institute of Veterinary Medical Education in 2018.
George M. Worrilow Award
Steven Leath, Ph.D., Class of ’81 M.S., Plant Pathology
Dr. Steven Leath became Auburn University’s 19th president on June 19, 2017. Supporting Auburn’s vision to inspire, innovate and transform, Dr. Leath is focused on strengthening the institution’s reputation as a partnership university and empowering students, faculty and entrepreneurs to develop transformative ideas and inventions that improve lives. Since arriving at Auburn, Dr. Leath has advanced key initiatives, including a plan to recruit 500 research- and scholarship-focused faculty, the advancement of multidisciplinary research through a $5 million presidential award program and new fellowships to attract top-tier Ph.D. scholars. Under his leadership, Auburn achieved Carnegie R1 classification, placing the university among the country’s elite research institutions. Auburn is renowned for its exceptional student experience and Dr. Leath champions programs that position Auburn students to become leaders in their professions and engage in their communities.Prior to arriving at Auburn, Dr. Leath served as president of Iowa State University and vice president for research and sponsored programs for the University of North Carolina System, and he held several prominent positions at North Carolina State University. Dr. Leath holds a B.S. in Plant Science from Pennsylvania State University, M.S. in Plant Pathology from the University of Delaware and Ph.D. in Plant Pathology from the University of Illinois.
While at UD, Dr. Leath studied under Dr. Bob Carroll and Dr. Jim Hawk; both attended Dr. Leath’s presidential inauguration. Then working as a research associate, Dr. Leath took advantage of many opportunities at UD, including accompanying Dr. Hawk to national plant breeding discussions, conducting international research with plant pathologists in Panama, and taking extra classes in statistics and Spanish to further his research. Dr. Carroll proudly recalls Dr. Leath earning the top graduate student paper presentation award at the American Phytopathological Society regional conference; his master’s research spawned three publications.
In 2018, Dr. Leath was appointed by President Donald J. Trump to serve a six-year term on the National Science Board. He also serves as Secretary of the Council of Presidents for the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities.
On a rainy Saturday morning, staff and students huddled inside to quickly assign tasks and discuss the day’s schedule while patients began to arrive outside, tails wagging.
All were gathered at the Henrietta Johnson Medical Clinic for the monthly One Health Delaware Vet Clinic. Here, community members have an opportunity to bring their pets in for free exams, medications and vaccinations. At private veterinary offices, these visits could cost several hundred dollars.
University of Delaware students majoring in pre-veterinary medicine and animal biosciences in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources serve as interns at the clinic, gaining valuable hands-on experience with their four-legged charges. They work alongside local veterinarians and students from Penn’s School of Veterinary Medicine to learn and practice a wide range of veterinary skills. Read the full article on UDaily.
Susan Truehart Garey, animal science agent with University of Delaware Cooperative Extension, became the second UD staff member named as a Nuffield International Farming Scholar. Garey is a 1998 graduate of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Garey will spend 18 to 20 months networking with other scholars, traveling internationally, conducting research and sharing academic scholarship on her chosen topic. Read the full article on UDaily.
Native plants are a feast for the eyes and a feast for our native bees and butterflies which need them for food and shelter. Over three years, Mt. Cuba worked with professor Doug Tallamy, Ph.D., of the University of Delaware, to see if different kinds of cultivars affect what leaf-eating insects, like caterpillars, can eat. Read the article on Delaware Online.
The New York Times‘ television critic published a final write-up of the HBO true crime documentary ‘The Case Against Adnan Syed,’ which mentions the work of our Erik Ervin. The Department of Plant and Soil Sciences’ department chair examined a key piece of evidence in the case — how long the victim’s car had been abandoned on a patch of grass in a Baltimore lot. Read the article. Ervin’s comments are highlighted in the section ‘More Questions About the Car’.
As advancement in science and technology increases, there comes a greater need for people with analytical skills to address sustainable development issues facing people around the world. For applied economics and statistics majors at the University of Delaware, their skills begin in a 100-level course — where they simulate natural resource management through “fishing.”
Rising sea levels and climate change aren’t just problems for the future — in some areas, they represent a real threat in the here and now. Jarrod Miller, Plant and Soil Sciences, on how saltwater intrusion is threatening farms in low-lying areas of the Delmarva Peninsula. Read the full article in Bay Journal.
Coffee grown under a tree canopy is promoted as good habitat for birds, but recent University of Delaware research shows that some of these coffee farms may not be as friendly to our feathered friends as advertised.
Working with geographer Robert Rice of the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center (SMBC), University of Delaware Professor of Entomology Doug Tallamy and former UD graduate student Desirée Narango studied canopy tree preference of birds in shade-coffee farms with a particular focus on the implications for migratory birds that spend the winter in neotropical coffee farms. Read the full article on UDaily.
The Delmarva Poultry University-Industry Partnership Committee held a day-long summit at the Wicomico Youth and Civic Center in Salisbury, MD. The day consisted of discussion on current poultry industry issues, information exchange, lightning presentations, and networking.
“This was the second time we’ve met in two years to present research results and discuss important ideas for future research,” said College of Agriculture and Natural Resources’ Dean Mark Rieger. “The poultry industry is changing rapidly and we need to continue this valuable dialogue.”
The audience was comprised of more than 120 representatives from universities, the private sector, NGOs, and federal and state agencies. Jack Shere, the Chief Veterinary Officer of the U.S. Department of Agriculture provided the keynote speech.
“We recognize the need to improve communications between the Delmarva Poultry Industry and academic researchers at universities in the region,” said University of Delaware Professor Calvin Keeler, chair of the Delmarva Poultry University-Industry Partnership Committee (DPU-IPC). “Our goal is to better understand the needs of the poultry industry and to mobilize the talent to address those concerns.”
Along with research presentations and networking, other summit highlights included:
- A panel of poultry industry representatives led an open discussion of the research needs of the industry.
- A panel of state agency representatives discussed avian flu responses.
- Attendees reviewed state legislative initiatives that relate to the poultry industry.
“The summit provided a great platform for developing industry, government and university research and extension communication. Industry representatives spelled out where university partnerships were needed, welcome and encouraged,” explained Professor Mark Parcells. “My hope is that the momentum established by this meeting is maintained and yields long-term research and educational relationships.”
2019 marked the second, bi-annual gathering and built on the momentum of the 2017 edition, which resulted in the creation of the partnership committee and supported collaboration to advance the growth and sustainability of the poultry industry in the region.
“The key takeaway was improving communications and collaborations among industry, allied industries and government,” noted UD senior instructor Bob Alphin. “As several speakers mentioned, these relations are very important, but do require time, effort and in-person contact to stay fruitful over time.”
Following the summit, the committee will survey attendees and discuss the utility of future meetings. DPU-IPC will focus on the development of educational and training programs for employees in the industry, facilitating exchange programs between the poultry industry and academia, and continuing to identify subject experts.
Alphin co-authored two different posters presented at the summit. The first covered three different international training programs. Alphin, Professor Eric Benson and Research Associate Dan Hougentogler run two programs on avian influenza outbreak response, its control and trade; a third program headed by Senior Scientist Brian Ladman is on veterinary diagnostic laboratory quality assurance to help other countries have their labs certify. Alphin, Benson and Hougentogler also showcased a poster on testing a low cost, undercarriage spray rig for decontaminating vehicles coming onto and leaving poultry farms, helping poultry farmers to increase their biosecurity at an affordable cost.
Members of the Delmarva Poultry University-Industry Partnership Committee
- Delaware Department of Agriculture
- Maryland Department of Agriculture
- Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc.
- Harry R. Hughes Center for Agro-Ecology, Inc.
- National Chicken Council
- University of Delaware
- Delaware State University
- University of Maryland, College Park
- University of Maryland Eastern Shore
- Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Samantha Watters, University of Maryland College of Agriculture and Natural Resources
University of Delaware associate professor Rodrigo Vargas and more than 200 experts from the United States, Canada and Mexico recently unveiled Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2), a state-of-the-art assessment of carbon cycle science across North America and its connection with climate and society.
Carbon is essential to the molecular makeup of all living things on Earth, playing a pivotal role in regulating global climate. Commissioned by the U.S. Global Change Research Program, the 878-page report applies to climate and carbon research as well as management practices on our continent and around the world.
This study is the second of its kind, building off of the 2007 First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR). From an overview of the carbon cycle to consequences and ways forward, SOCCR2 analyzes the carbon cycle from 2004 to 2013. Read the full article on UDaily.
DELMARVA NOW—The poultry sample from a sick flock in Willards, Maryland, was moments away from passing cleanly through a routine bird flu test in December. Then the data showed something unexpected: the presence of avian influenza. Salisbury Animal Health Diagnostic Laboratory scientists tested a sample from the same group of birds again.And again in the last minutes, the test lit up. The result was in a category termed “non-negative” or “inconclusive.” The poultry community isn’t quite sure what to call it. Read the full article, including our Brian Ladman’s comments on Delmarva Now.
In HBO’s hit documentary series “The Case Against Adnan Syed,” Professor Erik Ervin was brought in for his expertise on turfgrass and horticultural systems. The show explores the 1999 disappearance and murder of 18-year-old Baltimore County high school student Hae Min Lee, and the subsequent conviction of her ex-boyfriend, Adnan Syed — a case brought to global attention by the hugely popular “Serial” podcast.
Ervin examined the grass and weeds beneath the car belonging to Syed’s girlfriend. The Department of Plant and Soil Sciences Chair took samples from the Baltimore lot back to the University of Delaware; he grew them in soil under similar weather conditions for a similar length of time that the car allegedly sat in the lot. He also examined tire tracks at the scene to help determine how long the car was there. Watch the series trailer.
With many insect populations in steep decline, University of Delaware insect ecology and conservation majors study the interactions of these vitally important creatures with other wildlife, humans and the environment. Junior Patrick Carney explains his interest in entomology and hands-on experiences in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Learn more about UD’s insect ecology and conservation major.
Butterball recalled more than 78,000 pounds of raw ground turkey products that may be tainted with salmonella. Our Kali Kniel (Animal and Food Sciences) discusses how this latest in a recent flurry of food recalls is less a sign of food in America being less safe than it is a reminder that technology is making it easier to track the source of foodborne bacteria and other pathogens. Read the full article on Healthline.
MILFORD BEACON — According to the American Beekeeping Federation, about one third of the food we eat relies on honey bee pollination.
“A lot of our food would disappear or at least be scarce and expensive without honey bees,” said Dan Borkoski, an apiary research associate at the University of Delaware. “Fruits, nuts, even meat, because bees pollinate feed for livestock.”
In Delaware, honey bees pollinate our strawberries, blueberries, cucumbers, pumpkins and watermelons, and certain groups are taking steps to safeguard them.
There are about 400 different bee species in the state, and they are all pollinators. However, honey bees are different because they have been domesticated for both honey production and beekeeper-managed crop pollination. The population of wild honey bees worldwide is impossible to count, so most modern data on honey bees comes from these managed populations. Read the full article on Mildford Beacon.
At the Philadelphia Flower Show, a University of Delaware team earned three awards, including the event’s prestigious gold medal. Their “herban apotheka” exhibit showcased plants’ capacity to health. The team was predominantly comprised of landscape architecture majors, who study a diverse curriculum, including plants and ecosystems; site design and engineering; and sustainability.
- Chris Bonura, landscape architecture (Flower Show Club president)
- Abby Quin, Lerner College of Business and Economics
- Alex Hubler, landscape architecture major
- Anthony Raimondo, landscape architecture
- Austin Dill, landscape architecture major
- Bianca Mers, College of Arts and Sciences
- Bruce Turner, landscape architecture major
- Conner Graybeal, landscape architecture major
- Eduardo Limon, landscape architecture major
- Emily Birardi, agriculture and natural resources major
- Erick Jones, landscape architecture major
- Erin Fogarty, plant science major (Horticulture Club president)
- Hannah Bruck, College of Engineering
- Ilana Shmukler, College of Engineering
- Jaime Manlove, landscape architecture major
- Jessica Toy, landscape architecture major
- Josh Gainey, landscape architecture (Flower Show Club treasurer)
- Maija Griffioen, College of Engineering
- Melody Cerro, College of Engineering
- Nick Bruce, landscape architecture major
- Olivia Boon, landscape architecture major
- Savanah Love (Wesley College)
- Shirley Duffy, landscape architecture major
- Tom Pennachio, landscape architecture major
- Carolyn May, agriculture and natural resources major
- Claire Ciccarone, art major
Faculty and staff
- Jules Bruck, Plant and Soil Sciences
- Stefanie Hansen, Theater
- Karen Gartley, Plant and Soil Sciences
- John Kaszan, Plant and Soil Sciences
- Jame McCray, Earth, Ocean, and Environment
WBOC — There’s a growing problem around the country and on Delmarva, and it is a weed called Palmer amaranth. This weed is fairly new for some farmers and one of the most difficult to get rid of — especially for those growing soybeans. Farmers say it is an aggressive type of weed that is showing growing resistance to certain herbicides. Now, specialists from the University of Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia Tech are holding workshops to provide farmers with the necessary tools to overcome herbicide resistant weeds. Watch and read the full story on WBOC.com.
Delaware agriculture officials are quarantining 11 New Castle County ZIP codes to try to stop the spread of an invasive bug that threatens Delaware’s orchards, nurseries and forests. The spotted lanternfly was first found in Wilmington in late 2017. It had been discovered in Pennsylvania in 2014. The plant hopper native to China, India and Vietnam sucks sap from stems, leaves and trunks. Read the full article on Delaware Online.
Are you ready for the Philadelphia Flower Show? Our landscape architecture students are! Watch 6ABC’s segment on their “urban apothecary” exhibit for this year’s show.
Brandon McFadden, assistant professor of applied economics and statistics, sat down with Feedstuffs to discuss about why farmers need to work to capture a greater share of the food dollar and how that might be possible. He also addressed niche production, labeling and trade. Listen to the interview.
Each new technological advancement in agriculture, from tractors to tillage techniques, has allowed farmers to plant and harvest more food in less time. Today’s era of agricultural innovation is precision agriculture — optimizing crop performance in farmers’ fields based on their individual characteristics. To combat the range of challenges in agriculture, such as improving crop yields and plant resiliency, increasing pest resistance, addressing nutrient insufficiency, and more, scientific insights into the crop are needed.
Robots are important tools for precision agriculture because they can quickly collect valuable data to help farmers fine-tune their methods of planting, irrigation, pest control, harvesting and more. Similarly, for scientific discovery that underlies crop improvement, robots make it possible to gather a wide range of information on very large numbers of plants – tens to hundreds of thousands – in order to break new ground in plant science.
With robotics engineers and scientists who study plant genetics and biology, the University of Delaware is an ideal breeding ground for robotic agricultural technology. Algorithms and circuits can be designed and built in laboratories onsite, and machinery can be tested in “outdoor laboratories” located on the University’s Newark campus. With the range of expertise at UD, the on-campus farm with dedicated research fields is a unique asset that facilitates cross pollination of different scientific domains, ranging from biology to engineering to data science, which can open new pathways that address challenges in agriculture. Read the full article on UDaily.
Someday – in some scientifically savvy encyclopedia perhaps – the word “resilience” may include a photograph of the Western Corn Rootworm. This crafty, intrepid rootworm has found a way to circumvent just about every defense a corn plant and its advocates have thrown at it.
This is why its street name is “Billion Dollar Bug” in many agricultural circles, a name that reflects the size of this insect’s annual bite into the coffers of U.S. corn growers, who last year year planted 89.1 million acres of the crop, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Not all of that acreage is at risk. But the rootworm is considered the most important pest in the Midwest’s Corn Belt, where corn production is highest, led by Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska and Minnesota.
Consider this rootworm’s impressive record: It has survived granular insecticides and sprayed insecticides. It has figured out how to beat crop-rotation practices, which discourage rootworm population increases. And, scientists say, it has developed resistance to hybrid corn plants that were engineered with toxins released when the rootworms attacked, a defense that had proven effective for at least a decade.
Now researchers at the University of Delaware and the USDA have discovered an indirect defensive strategy used by the hybrid plant that provides some recourse against this stubborn creature. Ivan Hiltpold, assistant professor of entomology and wildlife ecology in UD’s College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, and the USDA’s Bruce Hibbard, who leads plant genetics research at the University of Missouri, published their findings in the Journal of Economic Entomology. Read the full article on UDaily.
Helping farmers find new ways to use manure beyond fertilizing fields is not as easy as you’d think. Trying new technologies and techniques can be expensive and time-consuming. And as University of Delaware Extension Agronomist Jarrod Miller suggests, what can work in the laboratory might not be as successful in the field. Read the article in Bay Journal.
University of Delaware Provost Robin Morgan was recognized Thursday, Jan. 24, at the 48th Delaware Agricultural Industry Dinner with the Secretary’s Award for Distinguished Service to Delaware Agriculture. She was honored for her commitment to agriculture through education, research and encouraging the next generation of agriculturalists.
“I was a newcomer to agriculture when I came to Delaware three decades ago. Many people in academia, industry and government patiently taught me about poultry health and agricultural sustainability, and maybe I taught them a little something about molecular biology,” Morgan said. “Somewhere along the way, I became very committed to food and water security, which are major challenges for our society.” Morgan has also indicated that this award was especially meaningful because it was kept a very tight secret, and she had no inkling that she was the recipient. Read the full article on UDaily.