Colony Collapse Disorder

Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is the name that has been given to the latest, and what seems to be the most serious, die-off of honey bee colonies across the country. It is characterized by, sudden colony death with a lack of adult bees in/in front of the dead-outs. Honey and bee bread are usually present and there is often evidence of recent brood rearing. In some cases, the queen and a small number of survivor bees may be present in the brood nest. It is also characterized by delayed robbing and slower than normal invasion by common pests such as wax moth and small hive beetles.

For those interested in learning about CCD, Penn State University provides an insightful article explaining the phenomenon that is Colony Collapse Disorder.

In addition to Penn State, the United States Department of Agriculture discusses Colony Collapse Disorder in detail on their website here.

Some interesting articles from a variety of  journals pertaining to Colony Collapse disorder can be found below.

Global pollinator declines: trends, impacts and drivers

A Metagenomic Survey of Microbes in Honeybee Colony Collapse Disorder.

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study

Pesticide exposure in honey bees results in increased levels of the gut pathogenNosema