Found in the northern United States, and in eastern mountains ranges. Rare in Virginia and West Virginia.
Narrow, pyramidal habit in youth
Acidic, well-drained, yet moist soils and cooler climates. Prefers shade.
Grows well in moist bogs and swamps, also nice evergreen so color year round.
Evergreen, needles look suction-cupped to twig. Leaves are variable and horizontally arranged.
Buds are ovoid, resinous, and brown
Smooth except for resin blisters; reddish brown in color.
Male reproductive structure looks like a yellow catkin.
Cones stand erect and shatter at maturity.