Europe, Near East, and Africa
Dense, rounded, low branched; 25 to 50 feet tall by 25 to 35 feet wide. Slow growth rate.
Full-sun to light shade, prefers rich, well-drained soil; tolerates drought and compaction.
Adaptable to heavy pruning; often used as a hedge in Europe. Good small tree. Good choice for dry, alkaline sites.
Opposite, simple, 2 to 4 inches long, 3 to 5 lobes. White milky sap exudes from broken petiole. Fall color is yellow.
Buds are gray-brown, .125 inches long.
Samara, 1 to 1.5 long, wings spreading horizontally.
Seed requires specific warm/cold treatment.