Eastern to midwestern United States
Pyramidal in youth, becoming rounded with horizontal branches. Slow to medium growth rate, slower with great age.
Full sun in deep, moist, rich, well-drained acid soils.
Not commonly planted as a landscape tree; usually taprooted and is therefore difficult to transplant. Mildly sensitive to environmental changes during site development.
Lustrous dark green in summer, rounded, numerous, finger-like lobes with sinuses generally extending halfway to leaf axil. Alternate, simple, 4 to 9 inches long, 5 to 9 rounded, entire lobes.
Buds are red-brown to brown, .125 to .25 inches long.
Light-gray in color, ridged and furrowed.
Gray-green monoecious, male in catkins, female in solitary to many-flowered spikes in leaf axils.
Light chestnut brown nut (acorn) .5 to 1 inch long with involucre (cup) only covering one quarter of nut.
'Southern Cross' - Unique hybrid, back-cross of (Q. alba x Q. michauxii) x Q. michauxii).