Variable, from spire-like to broadly pyrmaidal tree in youth, with a straight stem and horizontal branches spreading in whorls, stiff and twiggy, the young branchlets with the leaves crowded at the ends; with age the branches become more pendulous and spreading and the whole habit loose.
Sandy, fertile, acidic soil. Semishade
Interesting specimen tree.
Green stiff needles radiate around stem.
Rich orangish to reddish brown and exfoliating in long shreds or strips.
Monoecious; female solitary, terminal and subtended by a small bract, male flowers in 1 inch long racemes.
Cones oblong-ovate, upright, 2 to 4 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide.
Seed, cuttings. Warm stratification is required for 100 days in most sand at 63 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit or for 90 days in moist, acid peat at 32 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
'Ann Haddow' - yellow variegated.
'Aurea' - entire needle yellow.
'Green Star' - dwarf with wider, dark green needles.