Massachusetts south to Florida, west to Minnesota and Texas.
Oval to rounded large tree.
Full sun in rich, moist well-drained soil. Will tolerate dry, poor soil but grows much more slowly.
Large tree good for open areas and naturalizing. Nuts attract squirrels from miles around. Wood is highly valued for cabinetry.
Alternate, pinnately compound with 15-23 leaflets. Leaflets 2-5 inch long, ovate, acuminate apex, rounded base with irregular serrations. Leaves fragra
Buds are light-brown and pubescent. Ovate, .33 inches long, laterals smaller.
Deeply ridged and furrowed. Dark-brown to black in color.
Male flowers are green catkins about 2-3.5 inches long, female flowers are less showy.
Nut, 1.5 - 2 inch diameter. Edible.
Seed. A squirrel could grow this plant from seed, and they do.