Goal: Manage resources and materials efficiently by reducing material needs, reusing materials generated onsite, and recycling materials as much as possible.

brown leaves in recycling pile
Keep and reuse landscape by-products. For example, collect and shred leaves to use as mulch, and compost vegetative debris to mix into the soil and improve its structure.
Recycling Leaves
Yard Waste and Composting
section of a stone wall
Select and use renewable, local, and/or low-energy input landscape materials. Avoid materials, products, and practices that are harmful to the environment.
Checklist of Sustainable Landscape Materials