Hudson Bay to Manitoba, south to Georgia and Mississippi.
Shurb or small tree with slender finally arching branches, somewhat open at maturity, often suckering.
Fibrous rooted, transplants readily often suckers profusely forming a ticket' adaptable to a wide range of conditions; sun or shade; native species of great durability; moist or dry soils.
Works well in borders or for screening.
Soft yellow-green when unfolding, gradually changing to glossy dark green; fall color may develop a purplish red.
Vegetative buds- valvate in nature, long ppinted, slightly curved, lead-gray in color, .75 to 1 inch long; flower buds - fat at base and tapering to a long point, about 1 inch long.
Blackish, patterned scaly to blocky.
White, appearing creamy due to yellow stamens, early to mid-May, 7 to 10 days.
Drupe, oval, .5 inches long, bluish black, bloomy, September to October and often December.
Seed, 150 to 270 days at 68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit fluctuating temperatures followed by 60 to 120 days at 41 degrees Fahrenheit. Softwood cuttings.
'Deep Green' - Thick glossy leaves, white flowers, and pink-rose to black fruits grows to 20 feet high.
'Pink Beauty' - Pink fruits maturing to violet.