European White Birch
Graceful, pyramidal form in youth, develops to upright oval with pendulous branchlet.
Requires moist, well-drained, sandy loam soils; does not tolerate drought. Not reliable farther south than southeastern PA. Plants under stress act as magnets for borers.
Grows better in cooler climates and is not recommended for extensive use in southeastern PA on exposed sites. Transplants easily.
Dark green in summer. Yellow in fall. Alternate, simple, 1 to 3 inches long, broadly ovate or rhomboidal. Margin is doubly serrate.
Buds are brown-black, pointed, .20 to .40 inches. Male catkins mainly in 2's, 2 inches long.
Develops white bark early; becomes darker with age.
not of ornamental value
Not of ornamental value. Nutlet.
'Dalecarlica' - Branches and leaves pendulous. Leaves deeply lobed and toothed.
'Gracilis' - Small tree with pendulous branches and finely cut leaves.
'Purple Splendor' - Foliage red-purple in spring, turning deep green.
'Tristis' - Slender branches hand almost perpendicular to ground.
'Yountii' - Slender, pendulous branches, no leader. Usually grafted or trained