×

Betula pendula

European White Birch

Pronunciation
BET-u-la PEN-du-la
Family
Genus
Nativity

Europe, Britain

Growth Habit

Graceful, pyramidal form in youth, develops to upright oval with pendulous branchlet.

Hardiness
2
Culture

Requires moist, well-drained, sandy loam soils; does not tolerate drought. Not reliable farther south than southeastern PA. Plants under stress act as magnets for borers.

Facultative Status
Facultative Upland
Landscape Use

Grows better in cooler climates and is not recommended for extensive use in southeastern PA on exposed sites. Transplants easily.

Foliage

Dark green in summer. Yellow in fall. Alternate, simple, 1 to 3 inches long, broadly ovate or rhomboidal. Margin is doubly serrate.

Buds

Buds are brown-black, pointed, .20 to .40 inches. Male catkins mainly in 2's, 2 inches long.

Bark

Develops white bark early; becomes darker with age.

Flower

not of ornamental value

Fruit

Not of ornamental value. Nutlet.

Propagation

Seed, cuttings.

Pests
Birch leaf miner, birch borer.
Cultivars

'Dalecarlica' - Branches and leaves pendulous. Leaves deeply lobed and toothed.

'Gracilis' - Small tree with pendulous branches and finely cut leaves.

'Purple Splendor' - Foliage red-purple in spring, turning deep green.

'Tristis' - Slender branches hand almost perpendicular to ground.

'Yountii' - Slender, pendulous branches, no leader. Usually grafted or trained

Search