Goal: Develop plant communities that serve as a foundation for a healthy ecosystem.

lawn with plantings
Use lawn only when it performs a specific function such as a play surface, pathway, or foreground for plant display, thus reducing extra inputs of chemicals, energy and time.
Turf Grass Madness: Reasons to Reduce the Lawn in Your Landscape

Groundcover Alternatives to Turf Grass
Bee Lawns: Turf Grass with Flowering Plants
South Greenhouse Garden (an example of a no-lawn garden at UDBG)
invasive plant
Eliminate the use of and remove vegetation that can harm ecosystems, such as recognized invasive species.
Controlling Backyard Invaders
Mistaken Identity? Invasive Plants and their Native Look-Alikes
Plants for a Livable Delaware
bird eating a seed
Choose plants that are adapted to the site’s conditions and support local wildlife.
Livable Plants for the Home Landscape
native plants aster solidago
Consider replacing alien species with appropriate native species that achieve the same purpose (e.g. aesthetics, function).
Native Plants for Delaware Landscapes (trees & shrubs)
Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping
insect on a branch
Use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies (i.e. scouting, life-cycle knowledge and decision-making based on that information).
IPM for Homeowners
mature tree in fall
Preserve as many important (mature, healthy, native) plants as possible.
Checklist for Plant Removal Decisions